Social Security clarifies from when domestic workers can contribute


The Household employees already have the right to collect unemployment benefit. A great advance in labor matters promoted by the Ministry of Labor and Social Economy, led by Yolanda Díaz. Now the question is: Since when do you start contributing as a domestic worker? Social Security is clear about this. Unemployment contribution and Salary Guarantee Fund (FOGASA) will be mandatory for employers and domestic employees as of October 1, 2022, as established Royal Decree-Law 16/2022, of September 6which modifies the General Law of Social Security.

Regarding the contribution bases for unemployment, will be those corresponding to the contingencies of work accidents and occupational diseases. In addition, the contribution rate applicable between October 1 and December 31, 2022, will be 6.05%, of which 5% will be paid by the employer and 1.05% by the person employee.

It is vitally important to know thate must sign a written contract. Precisely in this sense, the worker must be informed about the essential elements of their labor agreement, the possible remuneration in kind, the details of the distribution of times of presence and their duration, as well as the regime of overnight stays in the address where services are provided, if any. If it has not been formalized in writing, the contract will be presumed indefinite and full time.

When will I be entitled to unemployment benefit?

In the event that you perform tasks and tasks as a domestic worker, you should know that you will be entitled to unemployment in the event that when your contract ends, have contributed for at least 360 days to Social Security, that is, they have to meet the same requirement as the rest of employed workers. Another important point is that this group, historically vulnerable, They will also be entitled to unemployment benefits if the required requirements are met. However, the contributions made in any of the Social Security schemes for which unemployment is quoted will be taken into account. As of January 1, 2023, the contribution rates will be the

established in the corresponding General State Budget Law for each financial year. However, between October 1 and December 31, 2022, The types of contribution will be the following:

  • For unemployment: 6.05%, of which 5% will be paid by the employer and 1.05% by the employee.
  • For the Salary Guarantee Fund: 0.2% exclusively by the employer. For example, for the average contribution base per household which, according to Social Security data, is 655.22 euros, the corresponding contribution would be:
  • FOGASA: €1.31.
  • Unemployment (employer contribution): €32.76.
  • Unemployment (worker contribution): €6.88.

Do I have to be registered even if I work a couple of hours?

In any case, the answer is yes. It is mandatory to be registered and listed by people who perform household chores regardless of the number of hours and even if they provide services in other households. Likewise, as of January 1, 2023, it will no longer be possible to agree with household workers who perform less than 60 hours of work per month per employer, the assumption by the latter of the obligations in terms of contribution and affiliation and High social security.


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