The biggest risks of society according to the rating of the world’s leading experts

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EEach year, the World Economic Forum (WEF) interviews more than 1,200 global risk experts, policymakers and industry leaders to weigh the potential risks to global finance and stability over the next two to ten years. . The WEF releases its Global Risks Report as world leaders and business titans gather for an annual conference in Davos to help shape the week’s conversations. With energy and food supply chains at the forefront of today’s concerns, fears for the future of global elites are matched by those of climate scientists, often fueled by the pandemic and the lingering effects of the conflict in Ukraine. .

Natural disasters and extreme weather events, along with failure to mitigate climate change, have made it one of the top five risks for the next two years. In addition, the top six concerns of the next decade include the climate angle, if the number six – large-scale forced migration – is (should be) as a result of climate change and climate change. conflicts, even those caused by climate change. .

Take the example of the narrow Lake Chad Basin, which borders the African countries of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. The United Nations warned last year that the region, which covers 8 percent of Africa’s landmass and is home to 42 million people, is “particularly vulnerable to climate change-related emergencies such as floods and droughts… affecting food security and overall security.” in the region”. Climate change is accelerating conflict and migration in the region and needs to be better addressed before it threatens to destabilize the wider region with uncertain consequences for West Africa’s economy, a new report by the international refugee agency warns.

While respondents to the WEF survey were worried about the consequences of large-scale forced migration, the shrinking of Lake Chad may not have been on their mind, but such a move could easily lead to threat #7: erosion. social cohesion and societal polarization may also be caused by climate change. Mitigating these future risks, whether in the Lake Chad Basin or even closer to home, requires action now. The challenge now is how to manage short-term risks, such as energy security, without exacerbating the long-term risks of climate change.

A version of this story first appeared in the magazine Climate is everything newsletter. Click here to register.

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