The Netherlands has had more deaths than births since 1900

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For the first time since records began in 1900, more people died than were born in the Netherlands in 2022, according to the country’s official statistics.

In a striking example of population decline in the West, the Netherlands’ Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) reported last year that the birth rate fell below the death rate, with 168,000 births compared to 169,000 deaths. Compared to the previous year, the number of births decreased by 11,000, with a historically low birth rate of 1.49 children per woman in the 1980s.

The official statistics agency noted that it was the first time since records began in 1900 that deaths exceeded births, and that even during the Second World War, there were still more babies than deaths. CBS speculated that the Chinese coronavirus may have played a role, but that didn’t explain the whole story.

“We’ve seen births go down over the years and deaths go up, but those deaths have been a little bit higher in the last three years because of the corona,” CBS’s Dick ter Steege told public television. OUR.

“From this point of view, this decline may be temporary. “If the excess mortality ends next year, the number of babies will be slightly higher than the number of deaths,” he added.

Nevertheless, the country’s population has continued to grow due to mass migration, with around 402,000 immigrants settling in the Netherlands last year, an increase of 150,000 from 2021. This increase was mainly the result of the war in Ukraine, with 89,000 registered as Ukrainians. country this year.

Overall, net migration is expected to be around 228,000 for the year, which would be higher than last year, excluding the influx of refugees from Ukraine.

After Ukrainians, migrants from Syria were the second largest group to arrive in the country, followed by Turkey, India and Poland. The CBS data release did not specify what percentage of the population is now foreign-born, although the Netherlands had 2.5 million foreign-born residents last year. Another 890,000 people were born to two foreign parents and 1.1 million had at least one migrant parent, meaning a quarter of the population is either a migrant or the child of migrants.

CBS said more than 17.8 million people now live in the Netherlands due to immigration. Although population growth is expected to continue in the near term, agency growth is expected to eventually decline, with about 20 million people expected by then. 2056.

“When it comes to migration, we never know what will happen. In recent years, we have seen that migration is very high. There is a lot of work in the Netherlands, you can study here, so our country has a lot of appeal. We do not know what will happen to Ukrainians, a lot depends on the situation in Ukraine. Maybe they’ll come back, maybe they won’t,” Ter Stage said.

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