The tourism employers focus on tourist homes and asks to regulate them
exceltur and the city councils of Barcelona, Madrid, Malaga, Seville, San Sebastián and Valencia appeal to the central government to regulate housing for tourist use, which have grown “uncontrollably” in recent years, and whose contribution to the economy and employment is less than that of hotels. The tourism alliance and these six municipalities – of all political colors, as highlighted by the executive vice president of Exceltur, Jose Luis Zoreda,- have collaborated in the ReviTUR initiative, a study that analyzes this phenomenon in the 20 largest tourist cities with surveys of 2,400 residents.
The President of Exceltur, Gabriel Escarrerhas appealed in the presentation of the report to “control the chaos of recent years”, since in a decade the squares in urban destinations have doubledfrom 347,000 in 2010 to almost 790,000 in 2019. For this reason, they ask for a clear regulation on this segment by the central government -in the commercial field and not in the housing field- that establishes a general framework, eliminates litigation and establishes the playing field of operators and consumers.
The regulation should focus on clearly establishing the delimitation of the tourist activity in housing and the design of a specific contract that defines the rights and duties of the subjects involved. Should be also regulate the platforms that sell these homes and reinforce the role of neighboring communities so that they can request a prior permit by qualified majority.
Exceltur considers that the next Spanish presidency of the European Union (EU) should be used to promote this regulation because the phenomenon is occurring with the same intensity throughout the continent. Among the great countries of the world only Japan has strictly regulated these platformswhich took around 70% of this type of houses off the market because it forced these websites to only host perfectly legalized homes.
The most expensive neighborhoods with the lowest quality of life
These dwellings they cause an increase in the cost of life in the neighborhoods, problems of neighborhood coexistence and the expulsion of residents, in addition to the fact that they contribute much less than the hotel sector in terms of economic activity, employment and fiscal contribution. Thus, housing prices have become more expensive in the central neighborhoods and those with the greatest tourist attraction. at an average of 9.1% in those six cities (against 0.5% in the non-tourist neighborhoods of those same squares).
This has made the residents of those neighborhoods have been abandoned to a greater extent than in other less touristy ones and that, in addition, they find that their quality of life is worse, while habitability has deteriorated in neighboring communities, which suffer more noise problems.
contribute less to the economy
The study highlights that these houses generate a lower economic contribution for urban destinations than the rest of the types of regulated accommodation (hotels, among others). In addition to a lower price (around 27.2 euros per person per day), the average spending of tourists staying in these establishments is lower (161 euros a day compared to 255 euros in other accommodation, especially hotels).
They also generate a lower volume of employment (35.9 jobs per 100 beds compared to 96.1 in hotels) and a lower tax contribution, because tax revenue for each bed stands at 1,626 euros, far from the 8,213 euros of a hotel. average 3-4 stars. In global figures, says Exceltur, the tax contribution of homes for tourist use totaled 712 million per year (in 2019), almost five times less than the 3,416 million of hotels in the 20 cities analyzed.
The pandemic took 113,000 homes off the tourist circuit
The coronavirus pandemic took 113,000 homes out of the tourist rental circuit in the 20 main cities Spanish tourism, although in 2022 this phenomenon is re-emerging strongly and in the first three quarters of the year 65% of this drop has been recovered (some 73,000 homes). This strength of the sector is mainly explained by profitability: an average tourist home (80 square meters) leaves an average profit of 19,737 euros net compared to 10,138 euros for residential rent.
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