UNESCO announces new sites on the list of world heritage sites in danger. : NPR
Alexey Atsepovsky, Yuriy Filonenko, Dmitry Moiseev/GN Consulting Agency/UNESCO
UNESCO has announced additions to the list of endangered world heritage sites, claiming that the monuments of the ancient kingdom of Sheba, Marib (Yemen), Rashid Karameh International Fair in Tripoli (Lebanon) and the historical center of the port of Odessa are in danger. (Ukraine).
“Odessa, a free city, a world city, a mythical port that has left its mark in cinema, literature and art, has thus come under the increased protection of the international community,” writes UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay. and represents our collective determination to ensure that it is preserved from extinction.”
The Rachid Karameh International Fair in Tripoli, northern Lebanon, was designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer in 1962. According to UNESCO, “The fair was the flagship project of Lebanon’s modernization policy in the 1960s. The close collaboration between the project architect Oskar Niemeyer and the Lebanese engineers resulted in a perfect example of exchange between different continents.”
The World Heritage Committee added the site “due to its alarming state of preservation, the lack of financial resources for its maintenance and the hidden threat of development proposals that could affect the integrity of the complex.”
Monuments of the Ancient Kingdom of Sheba, Marib, Yemen include “seven archaeological monuments that testify to the rich kingdom of Sheba and its architectural, aesthetic, and technological achievements in the 1st century.Art millennium before the advent of Islam from about a.d. 630 years,” reports UNESCO.
The agency singles out the ancient Marib irrigation system as “a technological feat of hydrological engineering and agriculture on a scale unparalleled in ancient South Arabia, culminating in the creation of the largest ancient man-made oasis.”
These sites were added “due to the risk of destruction due to the ongoing conflict.”
World Heritage sites, according to UNESCO, are “of outstanding universal value” and must meet at least one of 10 selection criteria. The criteria include representing a “masterpiece of human creative genius” and showing “living or dead evidence of a cultural tradition or civilization.”
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